Common Tasks and Commands

Services

Restarting/Starting a Service

/etc/init.d/(SERVICE) restart

Common services:

  • webmin
  • mysqld
  • apache2
  • httpd
  • squid
  • proftpd
  • ssh
  • bind9

Shutting down a service

/etc/init.d/(SERVICE) stop

Common Commands

  • top - Check the current status of your VPS utilization of memory and CPU
  • du - Check your disk usage
  • ping - Check connectivity
  • vi - Text editor
  • vim - The above text editorĀ improved
  • apt-get - Install new software, updates and more
  • cd - Move between directories
  • rm - Remove files and directories (BE CAREFUL WITH THIS)
  • mv - Move files and directories
  • cp - Copy files and directories
  • ls - List contents of directories
  • chown - Change ownership of files/folders
  • chmod - Change permissions of files/folders
  • shutdown - Initiate restarts and shutdowns

This is by no means comprehensive and only covers the top commands used most frequently, for more commands: http://linuxmanpages.com/ -- http://linux.die.net/man/